The French midfielder was a talismanic figure in north London; the captain and driving force of sides that won Premier League titles and FA Cups under Arsene Wenger.
In truth, Arsenal have never truly replaced Vieira. Sure there have been exceptionally gifted midfielders – no more so than Cesc Fabregas – since he departed but none have possessed the same blend of technique, energy and physical presence.
But could that change this summer given Gunners boss Mikel Arteta has made the central midfield position his priority in the upcoming transfer market?
That in itself speaks volumes. Arsenal’s problems are myriad and it will take multiple transfer windows before the club are back fighting for the top positions in the Premier League.
The defensive issues are particularly problematic; the continued peripheral presence of Mesut Ozil in the background is an unwelcome distraction; and there are huge doubts on the future of star striker and captain Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang, who is out of contract in a year.
The captaincy issue is another indicator of how the Arsenal dressing room is short of leadership and strong voices: Granit Xhaka lost the armband earlier in the season which exposed a vacuum of strong personalities at the club on and off the pitch.
These problems had set-in long before Wenger’s exit two years ago but they have been exacerbated since with instability in the dugout and a constantly changing sporting set-up behind the scenes.
The early signs under Arteta are encouraging – a clear tactical blueprint with enhanced defensive stability and a coherent attacking system which presses opponents into mistakes.
Results are slowly improving and there are multiple young talents at the club who could blossom into stars, but there will be a lot more pain along the way.
This is the Spaniard’s first summer transfer window as a boss and he has made Atletico Madrid midfielder Thomas Partey his priority arrival.
A report in The Athletic claims the Ghanaian had been identified as the player to tick all the boxes for what Arteta wants. Furthermore, he has a £45million release clause, attainable for Europe’s top clubs.
Yet the Gunners, according to the report, believe they can tempt Los Rojiblancos to a deal below that value, which is somewhat unlikely.,
Partey would be a significant arrival. The 27-year-old is someone who brings control and authority to Atletico – an expert in breaking up play, anchoring the midfield and launching attacks.
The Ghanaian plays in the midfield pivot role – the terminology and significance is strong within Spanish football due to the connotations with basketball and ability to link defence with attack.
He is the player which allows greater freedom for attacking players.
In the draw at Barcelona, Partey was imperious and provided the shield to the back four; allowing Diego Simeone to play an attacking quartet of Diego Costa, Angel Correa, Yannick Carrasco and Marcos Llorente. .
Atleti’s approach is always aggressive, but they pressed Barcelona higher up the pitch than usual and took attacking risks. That was a calculation taken due to the assurances Partey offered defensively.
He is the midfielder who stops opponents yet is the starting point for Atletico’s attacks – he constantly tries to move the ball forward, either through dribbling through the midfield or playing a pass up the pitch.
He is the escape route and fundamental to Simeone.
This is the role Fernandinho played so successfully at Manchester City for their two title triumphs in 2018 and 2019.
He offered a calm, controlled presence in the middle of the pitch and provided vital stability to a high defensive line and the building blocks for attacks.
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His importance to Pep Guardiola was outlined just months into the Catalan’s time in England. Guardiola said in October 2016, as cited by the Telegraph: “If a team has three Fernandinhos, they would be champions.
“We have one, but he is fast, he is intelligent, he is strong in the air, he can play several positions. When he sees the space he will run there immediately. When you need to make a correction, you just need one player to challenge, and he is there.”
This is what Arsenal have lacked more than anything else in recent seasons: control. A player who breaks-up the play, makes the match tick to his own tempo, providing cohesion and unity between defence and attack.
Arteta is a coaching protégé of Guardiola and will have similar ideas in how he wants his teams to play.
That explains the club’s intense interest in Partey and if they were to land him, it could help the other pieces fall into place on the pitch.